Late summer is the best time to establish grasses

We are getting close to the time to reseed grass pastures and hayfields. Keep these things in mind before you put seed in the ground this late summer-early fall:

• Establishing grass-legume mixtures: Legumes are more competitive than grasses in the seedling stages because they emerge faster, have a taproot-type root system that penetrates deeper and faster, and develop leaf area more quickly. When seeding a grass-legume mixture, choose the seeding date, rate, and method that give the maximum advantage to the species that you need the most. In general, spring seedings favor legumes, and fall seedings favor grasses.

Renovating with legumes: Adding legumes to existing grass pastures increases forage quality, adds nitrogen to the system, and is desirable in pastures. Begin by suppressing existing sod by grazing or very close mowing. White or red clover may be either broadcast in late winter (January-February) or red clover drilled in early fall (mid Aug-mid Sept). For broadcast seedings, make sure that the existing grass is short enough for some seed to fall on bare ground. It will be necessary to drag or lightly disk the pasture to open up the sod and expose some bare ground. Hoof traffic from livestock can also be an effective way to increase seed to soil contact in some cases where other options are not possible.

See above graphic for more details.

CAIP Education Meeting August 20

Make plans to attend a special CAIP education meeting on Tuesday, Aug. 20, at 6 p.m., at the Madison County Extension Office 230 Duncannon Lane. Dr Steve Higgins, Director of UK Environmental Compliance will be on hand to discuss several timely topics as we think about managing our livestock this winter.

Topics include: Strategies for reducing mud, Heavy use areas/gate crossings, Hay feeding structures, Supplying water to livestock, Farm design and facility layout.

A burger meal will be served, so please call us at 859-623-4072 if you plan to attend.

*If you need CAIP educational credit make every effort to attend this meeting since these opportunities will be limited this fall.

Educational programs of the Cooperative Extension Service serve all people regardless of economic or social status and will not discriminate on the basis of race, color, ethnic origin, national origin, creed, religion, political belief, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expressions, pregnancy, marital status, genetic information, age, veteran status, or physical or mental disability.

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